Joesph Cornell was an American artist and sculptor, who was influenced by the Surrealists. Aside from the aforementioned period he spent at the art academy in Andover, Cornell never traveled beyond the New York City area.
Cornell was wary of strangers. this led him to isolate himself and become a self - taught painter.Cornell could create poetry from the commonplace. Unlike Schwitters, however, he was fascinated not by refuse, garbage, and the discarded, but by fragments of once beautiful and precious objects he found on his frequent trips to the bookshops and thrift stores of New York.
Cornell never regarded himself as a Surrealist; although he admired the work and technique of Surrealists like Max Ernst and Rene Magritte, he disavowed the Surrealists' "black magic," claimed that he only wished to make white magic wiht his art.